The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped small gland placed near the base of the neck which makes and stores the thyroid hormone. Thyroid gland works through the TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) which prompts the release of thyroid hormone in the bloodstream, an absence of such release is termed as Primary Hypothyroidism. These hormones are very important as they help in controlling the growth, repair and the metabolism.

When the gland is unable to produce enough thyroid hormone (TH) – it causes increased weight, depressed mood, slow work speed, and increased sensitivity to cold. Vice versa an overactive thyroid results in weight loss, irregular heartbeat, nervousness, sweating and irritability.

Genetic makeup, autoimmune situation, stressed condition and environmental toxins can cause harm to the thyroid and so is the diet – the only factor that can be controlled.

Nutrients that can harm

Two nutrients that might harm the thyroid include Goitrogens and Gluten. Goitrogens might interfere in the normal functioning of the thyroid on the other hand hypothyroidism might result in celiac disease.

Goitrogens: The name is derived from the term “goitre”, which is the enlarged thyroid gland. Goitrogens are substances that disrupt the production of thyroid hormones by interfering with iodine uptake in the thyroid gland and can lead to goitre. Foods which have goitrogenic effects include Cassava (when crushed and not detoxified by soaking, all Brassica family vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, turnip and cabbage and all other cruciferous vegetables.

Gluten: Grains like wheat, barley and rye consists of a protein called gluten. People with celiac disease can not eat gluten, their body gets attacked and the gut area is damaged.

Food List

List of foods to be avoided

  • Vegetables like cassava, broccoli, cauliflower, turnip and cabbage and all other cruciferous vegetables.
  • Highly processed foods: Cakes, cookies, hot dogs, burgers, pizza etc.
  • Supplements: Selenium and iodine supplements can be taken under proper guidance.

Keep a check on the consumption of the following:

  • Foods that contain gluten: Bread, pasta, roti, semolina, refined flour
  • Soy Foods: Tofu, soy milk, soy-based products.
  • Beverages: Coffee, alcohol- they might result in irritation.

Tips for maintaining healthy weight

  • Take proper rest 
  • Maintain a good eating habit 
  • Practice yoga or meditation
  • Keep a check on your weight

Only one factor is neither responsible for the occurrence nor possible to provide relief from the symptoms or the conditions. Overall care is the only best way out to avoid the further problems.


Rashmi · April 7, 2018 at 4:25 pm

Can u plz suggest food summer food for diabetes.

Umamaheswari · April 7, 2018 at 7:44 pm

Thanks for your information

Minakshi sharma · April 12, 2018 at 5:16 am

Weight los

    Dr Shikha's NutriHealth · April 24, 2018 at 12:35 pm

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Usha · April 7, 2019 at 11:18 pm

I am hypothyroid patient, gained lot of weight due to depression of my unsuccessful marriage and divorce, my uric acid is high and urea is high can you please guide how can I reduced my weight early.

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