Ovaries are an essential part of the female reproductive system. A normal female has two ovaries in the lower half of her abdomen. Both ovaries release ova into the uterus, every month. Ovaries also produce many hormones, for instance, estrogen, usually known as female hormone and Androgens or testosterone, known as male hormones. PCOD (Polycystic Ovary disease) and PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) are the diseases associated with ovaries. Many women get confused about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and Polycystic Ovarian Disorder, but there is a slight difference between the two.
PCOD is a condition in which there is an enlarged ovary and small follicular cysts which are 0.5 to 1.0 cm in diameter. In this disorder, there is hormonal imbalance, which leads to the collection of mature eggs in the ovary, as they cannot be discharged. These immature follicles are called cysts. PCOS is another condition in which patient gets affected in more than one ways. It is a situation, where more than twelve follicles are produced every month and they all are immature so no ova is released and thereafter, ovaries start producing higher levels of testosterone leading to hormonal imbalance. Symptoms of this are irregular periods, weight gain, acne and difficulties in pregnancy.
One-fourth population of women are having multiple follicles in ovaries but, PCOS affects only 10 percent women in the reproductive age group.
PCOS is an endocrine system disorder while PCOD is a condition developed by the hormonal imbalance. The exact cause of both is unknown but hormonal imbalances and genetics play a pivotal role.
PCOD does not exactly mean infertility, many women can bear children even with this disease. PCOD is not very serious if we compare it with PCOS, which is a more severe syndrome.
Lifestyle modification and taking healthy diet can help regulate the menstrual cycle and lower blood glucose level. PCOS must be diagnosed early and then accordingly diet, regular exercise regime, medicines should be prescribed.
If you are trying to lose weight while suffering from PCOS, watch weight loss tips for PCOS by Shikha Sharma (Doctor).
For Personalised PCOS Management Plans, you can always call Dr Shikha’s NutriHealth at 011-46666000. You can also chat with our experts here.