The two bean-shaped organs located on either side of the spine, kidneys, are responsible to filter out wastes and excess fluids from the body. Our garbage collectors filter around 55 gallons of blood every day. Kidneys not only filter out wastes but they also keep the electrolyte balance in the body, regulate blood pressure, produce hormones that make the red blood cells, regulate ph and they also activate a form of Vitamin D that absorbs calcium and helps in building strong bones.
The following tips can be followed to keep your kidneys healthy for life:
1) Stay Hydrated
To clear sodium and flush out the toxins from the body, you need to drink a good amount of fluids every day. There is no such amount of fluids mentioned specifically by the Doctors or any medical care personnel, but drinking water above 2 liters per day helps your kidneys function properly and prevent dehydration. The fluid needs of the body depend on many factors like age, physical activity, gender, climate, health conditions like pregnancy, breastfeeding, kidney stones or any kidney disease.
2) Check on your blood sugar on a regular basis
3) Monitor your blood pressure
People are aware that high blood pressure causes a heart attack or stroke but very few know that it is the most common cause of kidney damage. Healthy blood pressure ranges to around 120/80, but 139/89 are considered prehypertensive and should immediately shift to a healthy lifestyle and dietary habits. At 140/90 you must discuss it with your doctor and should do the necessary changes.
4) Be fit and active
5) Healthy diet and nutrition
A healthy diet will provide you with good nutrition but also prevent obesity which is the root cause of all health problems like diabetes, kidney disease, heart disease, etc. A diet low in sodium, trans fats, deep-fried foods, processed meat, frozen and canned foods should be preferred. Make your diet rich in green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, nuts and seeds, pulses and lean meat. It’s easy and healthy to cook food by yourself as you are the best judge about what to put and how much to put!