India is the diabetic capital of the world. This is because India harbours the largest number of diabetics all across the globe. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing substantially which is becoming a cause of grave worry and concern for health care providers in India owing to the humongous costs involved in management and treatment of diabetes and its complications, which affect various organs such as kidney, eyes, skin tissue, and pancreas.
Long standing diabetes which remains largely undiagnosed and untreated is associated with high morbidity and mortality due to the numerous organ systems that are severely affected. Primary organs that are affected are kidneys, eyes and neuro functions. We also need to avoid the complications that Diabetes give especially after years of not treating it. Diabetic diets have to be planned after taking into consideration the likes and dislikes of the patients who need to select foods which have low glycemic index and low glycemic load in order to maintain stable and desirable glucose levels. Diabetics experience considerable oxidative stress and to combat the free radicals in their bodies, we need to plan diets which are rich in antioxidants such as polyphenols.
Besides the need for antioxidants, diabetics need sufficient dietary fibre to maintain stable blood glucose levels and adequate protein to feel full and satisfied after a meal. The requirement of B vitamins is slightly higher in diabetics to maintain stamina and to prevent fatigue caused by poor metabolism of carbohydrates. Therefore, these complications and requirements raises a need for a sustainable diet and lifestyle program that improves the quality of life mentally and physically.