Nutrition in Cancer treatment plays a major role in influencing both the quality and quantity of life after the diagnosis of cancer. Food choice and proportion within the general diet (dietary pattern) is also important for the cancer survivor. The cancer survivors are at increased risk for a host of chronic diseases, guidelines recommend prudent diets that rely heavily on unrefined plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, and grains, which contain limited amounts of fat and simple sugars, and red or processed meats should be avoided. Indeed, the dietary guidelines to scale back the risk of heart condition, diabetes, hypertension (as well as other chronic diseases) are quite almost like those aimed toward reducing cancer risk.
Maintain a healthy weight throughout life. Balance calorie intake with physical activity. Avoid excessive weight gain throughout the lifecycle. Need to achieve and maintain a healthy weight if currently overweight or obese in cancer treatment.
Adopt a physically active lifestyle. Adults: engage in a minimum of half-hour of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, above usual activities, on 5 or more days of the week. Forty-five to hours of intentional physical activity are preferable. Children and adolescents: engage in a minimum of hours per day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity a minimum of 5 days per week.
Consume a healthy diet, with stress on plant sources. Selects foods in amounts that help achieve and maintain a healthy weight. Eat five or more servings of a spread of vegetables and fruits every day. whole grains should be preferred instead of processed [refined] grains. Limit consumption of processed and red meats.
The nutritional problem in cancer is wasting muscle mass, acknowledged being a predictor of lower quality of life, impaired functionality, surgical complications, and shortened survival. Nutrition may be a central thought about oncology, influencing the event of the disease, tumor inherent symptoms, response to, and recovery after antineoplastic treatment, thus having a robust impact on the standard of life and prognosis of the disease. A main nutritional symptom is wasting of muscle mass, strongly related to decreased functional capacity, higher incidence of chemotherapy toxicity, increased hospitalization, and complication rate, also as mortality.
Nutritional risk screening and assessment in cancer patients allows for the first detection of malnourished patients and also for a prompt nutritional intervention to prevent nutritional deterioration and muscle wasting.
A proactive assessment of the clinical alterations that occur during treatments and through the disease course, is important for choosing the adequate nutritional intervention, aiming for the simplest impact on patients’ outcomes. Early nutritional care has the ability to enhance body composition and treatment’ efficacy, and as the evidence stands, it’s an obligatory adjuvant intervention, with the likelihood of improving the prognosis of the disease itself.